A comic book or comicbook, also called comic magazine or simply comic, is a visual medium used to express ideas via images, often combined with text or visual information.

Comic book history

According to many experts, the precursors to modern comics were the satirical works of artists like Rudolph Töpffer, Wilhelm Busch, Christopher, or Angelo Agostini (first Brazilian comic artist).

The Adventures of Obadiah Oldbuck

The Adventures of Obadiah Oldbuck

Töpffer, in 1827, in Switzerland, created a comic strip and continued on to publish seven graphic novels. In 1837, “The Adventures of Obadiah Oldbuck” was published by Töpffer and it is considered the earliest known comic book. In 1842 it became the first comic book ever published in the United States.


Max und Moritz


In 1859, the German poet and artist, Wilhelm Busch published caricatures in the newspaper Fliegende Blätter. In 1865, he published a famous comic called “Max und Moritz“.

Yellow kid

Yellow kid

The 1895 “Yellow Kid“, created by Richard Outcaulthas, has often been cited as being the first comic strip. The reason being is that Outcault was the first artist to use the balloon, an outlined space on the page where what the characters spoke was written. However, comic strips and comic books were published before “Yellow Kid” debuted in the New York City newspaper “The World”. Anyway we should also consider that comics theorists and historians have seen precedents for comics in the Lascaux cave paintings in France (some of which appear to be chronological sequences of images), Egyptian hieroglyphs, Trajan’s Column in Rome, the 11th-century Norman Bayeux Tapestry, the 1370 bois Protat woodcut, the 15th-century Ars moriendi and block books, Michelangelo’s The Last Judgment in the Sistine Chapel, and William Hogarth’s 17th-century sequential engravings, amongst others

Comics are not only american

The European, American and Japanese comics traditions have followed different paths. Europeans have seen their tradition as beginning with the  Töpffer’s comic strips of the 1830s, while Americans have seen the origin of their tradition in Outcault’s 1890s newspaper strip The Yellow Kid, though many Americans have come to recognize Töpffer’s precedence, as we have already said. Japanese comics, on the other hand, had a long prehistory of satirical cartoons and comics leading up to the World War II era.” Manga”, the Japanese term for comics and cartooning, was first popularized by the artist Hokusai in the early 19th century. It is in the post-war era modern Japanese comics began to flourish, when Osamu Tezuka produced a prolific body of work. Towards the close of the 20th century, these three traditions have converged in a trend towards book-length comics: the comics album in Europe, the tankōbon in Japan, and the graphic novel in the English-speaking countries.



And keep in mind that…

…There are so many types of comic books! In this blog, I will post various articles about them every Tuesday. Plus, if anyone has any requests about some information on artists, their comics, stories, characters or what ever,  write a comment below this article! I will provide you all the information you want! 😉


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